Rabies cases are on the rise again in Nebraska with 25 reported so far this year.
That is one ahead of last year's pace.
In the past two weeks two cases were confirmed, one in Aurora and another in York.
The York case involved a horse owned by Tom and Faye Friedli. They say they never expected to lose a horse to rabies.
Regional health officials say many people do not expect it but lately the numbers show an increase in domestic animals with the disease. They say that is a huge concern.
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What is Rabies?
- Rabies virus causes an acute encephalitis in all warm-blooded animals.
- All mammals are susceptible to the rabies virus.
- The animals most known for carrying the virus include: raccoons, skunks, foxes, coyotes.
Transmission of Rabies
- Transmission of rabies virus usually begins when the infected saliva of a host is passed to an uninfected animal.
- Various routes of transmission include the eyes, nose, mouth, aerosol transmission, and corneal transplantations.
Symptoms of Rabies
- First symptoms of rabies in humans may include flu-like symptoms: fever, headache, or malaise.
- Other symptoms may include cerebral dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, abnormal behavior, hallucinations, and insomnia.
- The acute period of the disease typically ends after 2 to 10 days.
- Once clinical signs of rabies appear, the disease is nearly always fatal.
- There is only six documented cases of human survival from clinical rabies.
- Disease prevention can be done following a bite from an infected animal, being injected with a vaccine (postexposure prophylaxis).
- Every year an estimated 18,000 people receive preexposure prophylaxis.
- Every year an estimated 40,000 people receive postexposure prophylaxis.
Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention contributed to this report